Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy was first introduced by Aaron Beck in the early 1960’s. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence based, short term, goal oriented, approach. Homework assignments are often given at the end of most sessions in order to practice the skills between sessions. Change is dependent on behavioral modification, cognitive formulation, and psychoeducation )(teaching framework). Disorders are viewed as a result of dysfunctional thinking, which in turn affects mood and behavior. Improvement is conditional upon changing or modifying distorted thinking to achieve more realistic and adaptive thought patterns. (Beck 2011).
The Cognitive behavioral approach attempts to interpret an individual’s processing of information and assumptions i.e. cognition (your thoughts!). In other words, what an individual thinks and perceives influence behavior and emotions. The idiosyncratic rules and assumptions become cognitive distortions or automatic thoughts which appear spontaneously but are mood dependent.
In other words, our thoughts are what drives behavior and influences how we feel. Therefore, examining thought patterns with a skilled CBT therapist, can change behavior and improve mood. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a very effective treatment and supported by research.